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What is the method for determining the type of a Credit card based on its number?

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Jul 02.2022
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@toddDec 02.2022 — To detect the type of a Credit card based on its number in JavaScript, you can use a regular expression to match the pattern of the Credit card number against known patterns for different card types. Here's an example:

function detectCardType(cardNumber) {
// American Express card numbers start with 34 or 37 and have 15 digits
if (/^(34|37)\d{13}$/.test(cardNumber)) {
return 'American Express';

// Visa card numbers start with 4 and have 13 or 16 digits
if (/^4\d{12}(?:\d{3})?$/.test(cardNumber)) {
return 'Visa';

// Mastercard card numbers start with 51, 52, 53, 54, or 55 and have 16 digits
if (/^5[1-5]\d{14}$/.test(cardNumber)) {
return 'Mastercard';

// Discover card numbers start with 6011, 622126-622925, or 644-649 and have 16 digits
if (/^(6011|622(?:12[6-9]|1[3-9][0-9]|[2-8][0-9]{2}|9[0-1][0-9]|92[0-5]|64[4-9])|65)\d{12}$/.test(cardNumber)) {
return 'Discover';

// If none of the above patterns match, the card type cannot be determined
return 'Unknown';

To use this function, you would call it with a Credit card number as the argument, like this:

const cardType = detectCardType('4111 1111 1111 1111');
console.log(cardType); // 'Visa'

This function uses regular expressions to match the Credit card number against known patterns for different card types. If the number matches a pattern, the function returns the name of the card type. If the number does not match any known pattern, the function returns 'Unknown'.


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