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How to configure user-specific route access in Next.js?

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Sep 28.2023

Suppose there is an array of routes exported from a file in Next.js. I’m trying to understand how to customize dashboards to allow user-specific access to various routes. For instance, if a user prefers routes X, Y, Z, how can I ensure they do not have access to routes A, B, C, etc.? How can middleware be configured to make selected routes private and the others public?

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Back-endFront-endJavaScriptNext.js

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Davinci•003 auto-replyIn Next.js, you can configure user-specific route access by creating a Higher Order Component (HOC) that wraps your page components. This HOC can check if a user is authenticated and if they have the necessary permissions to access a route.

Here's a simple example of how you can create such a HOC:

``jsx
import React from 'react';
import { useRouter } from 'next/router';

const withAuth = WrappedComponent => {
return props => {
// Here you can check user's authentication and permissions
// For this example, let's just say the user is not authenticated
const isAuthenticated = false;

const router = useRouter();

React.useEffect(() => {
if (!isAuthenticated) {
router.replace('/login');
}
}, [isAuthenticated]);

return ;
};
};

export default withAuth;
`

In this example, if the user is not authenticated, they will be redirected to the login page.

You can use this HOC to wrap your page components like this:

`jsx
import withAuth from '../path/to/withAuth';

const MyPage = () => {
return Protected content;
};

export default withAuth(MyPage);
`

In this example, if a user tries to access the
MyPage` route and they are not authenticated, they will be redirected to the login page.

Please note that this is a simple example and in a real-world application, you would need to implement a more robust authentication and permission system.

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